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Rice is the seed of the monocot plants Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice). As a cereal grain, it is the most important staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in Asia and the West Indies. It is the grain with the third-highest worldwide production, after maize (corn) and wheat, according to data for 2009.

Since a large portion of maize crops are grown for purposes other than human consumption, rice is the most important grain with regard to human nutrition and caloric intake, providing more than one fifth of the calories consumed worldwide by the human species.

There are many varieties of rice and culinary preferences tend to vary regionally. Pakistan is home to one of the greatest diversities of both wild and cultivated crops. It is claimed that around 4,00,000 varieties of rice existed in Pakistan during the Vedic period. 75% of Pakistani rice production comes from 10 rice varieties - out of 30,000 that existed a few decades ago. Most indigenous varieties are resistant to pests, require less farm inputs like fertilizers and pesticides and they yield straw that is valuable to the farmer as cattle feed and roofing material.

Rice cultivation is well-suited to countries and regions with low labor costs and high rainfall, as it is labor-intensive to cultivate and requires ample water. Rice can be grown practically anywhere, even on a steep hill or mountain. Although its parent species are native to South Asia and certain parts of Africa, centuries of trade and exportation have made it commonplace in many cultures worldwide.

The traditional method for cultivating rice is flooding the fields while, or after, setting the young seedlings. This simple method requires sound planning and servicing of the water damming and channeling, but reduces the growth of less robust weed and pest plants that have no submerged growth state, and deters vermin. While flooding is not mandatory for the cultivation of rice, all other methods of irrigation require higher effort in weed and pest control during growth periods and a different approach for fertilizing the soil.



 

     
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 - Varieties - Super Kernel Basmati
 - Varieties - Super Kernel Parboiled
 - Varieties - Parboiled 1121
 - Varieties - White Rice PK386
 - Varieties - Long Grain IRRI-9
 - Varieties - Long Grain IRRI-6
 - Varieties - 100% Broken Rice
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